Route middleware in Express is a way to do something before a request is processed. This could be things like checking if a user is authenticated, logging data for analytics, or anything else we’d like to do before we actually spit out information to our user.
var router = express.Router();

// route middleware that will happen on every request
router.use(function(req, res, next) {

	// log each request to the console
	console.log(req.method, req.url);

	// continue doing what we were doing and go to the route

// home page route (http://localhost:8080)
router.get('/', function(req, res) {
	res.send('im the home page!');	

We will use Express’s .param() middleware. This creates middleware that will run for a certain route parameter. In our case, we are using :name in our hello route. Here’s the param middleware.

// server.js


// we'll create our routes here

// get an instance of router
var router = express.Router();


// route middleware to validate :name
router.param('name', function(req, res, next, name) {
	// do validation on name here
	// blah blah validation
	// log something so we know its working
	console.log('doing name validations on ' + name);

	// once validation is done save the new item in the req = name;
	// go to the next thing

// route with parameters (http://localhost:8080/hello/:name)
router.get('/hello/:name', function(req, res) {
	res.send('hello ' + + '!');